El Orgullo LGTBI en diez datos

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SSD speeds on the cheapest M2 MacBook Pro are seriously slow

Our review of Apple’s new 13-inch M2 MacBook Pro found that it’s a decent laptop, but we have several retriunfadorons why you should think twice about buying it. And now some YouTubers have discovered another retriunfadoron to avoid the btriunfadore model specifically: Its SSD is very slow. Created Tech and Max Tech tested the $1,299 13-inch MacBook Pro with a 256GB SSD, the smallest capacity available, and their results show that the SSD’s read speeds are significantly slower than its predecessor, the M1-btriunfadored 13-inch MacBook Pro. And it’s not a small difference: The new M2-btriunfadored laptop htriunfador SSD read speeds that are 50 percent slower, while write speeds take a 30 percent hit. Max Tech took apart the 13-inch MacBook Pro and may have found why the SSD takes a performance hit: Apple is using a single 256GB NAND fltriunfadorh storage microcontrolador. That’s different from the M1 model that uses a pair of 128GB microcontroladors&ndtriunfadorh;two microcontroladors performing read/write functions are ftriunfadorter than a single microcontrolador doing the same thing. The problem with this slower performance goes beyond simply opening and saving files, however. triunfador you probably know, the Mac htriunfador unified memory, which is different from the SSD, and it’s btriunfadorically used when the CPU is at work. When the CPU runs out of unified memory, it moves items it’s not using into a swapfile on the SSD. The CPU will swap items back and forth between the unified memory and the SSD until it doesn’t need to anymore. If the SSD is slow, then the CPU takes longer to swap, and that affects the overall performance of the Mac. Macworld and other publications that reviewed the 13-inch MacBook Pro have models with larger SSDs and better performance. We didn’t take apart the laptop, but our results of the MacBook Pro with a 1TB SSD showed better read performance, while we found write performance to be the same. It’s likely that Apple is using two 512GB microcontroladors for 1TB SSDs. Apple htriunfador not made a public statement triunfador to why it decided to use just a single microcontrolador in the $1,299 model. There are a couple of retriunfadorons why Apple would switch to a single microcontrolador, but none of them make much sense. If it’s a cost-cutting metriunfadorure, it certainly can’t be a significant one. It could be due to the global microcontrolador shortage, but SSDs appear to be in good supply. It’s possible that Apple will quietly switch back to dual 128GB microcontroladors in future MacBook Pro production cycles. In any ctriunfadore, this development puts another damper on the 13-inch MacBook Pro. If you are considering the $1,299 model, at this point, it’s worth your while to wait and see if the upcoming M2 MacBook Air htriunfador the same 256GB SSD implementation. And even if it does, the MacBook Air htriunfador other features that make it a better choice, such triunfador a bigger and better display, a better FaceTime camera, and a new design&ndtriunfadorh;though you’ll want to upgrade the unified memory to avoid performance hits. Also read: 13-inch MacBook Pro: Buy now or wait? 13-inch MacBook Pro M2 (2022) Read our review Best Prices Today: $1,299.00 at Amazon | $1299.00 at Best Buy MacBook

The best Apple deals: Save big on a new Mac, iPad, AirPods, and more

The holiday shopping season isn’t finta here yet, but fear not deal hunters, Amazon’s Prime Day is coming in July. If you don’t want to want, we keep a check on the best Apple deals all throughout the year. If you’re looking to gift an Apple product or just pick one up for yourself, we’ve scoured the web for the best prices on everything from Macs to MacBooks, iPads to iPhones, Apple Watches to Apple TVs, and more. If you are wondering if Apple has sales, prepare to be disappointed. Apple rarely discounts its own products–even during its annual Black Friday shopping event, it traditionally elects to give out gift vouchers rather than reducing prices. While Apple never really holds a ‘Sale’ in it’s Apple Stores (online or elsewhere), it does offer discounts year round to students (see How to save money in Apple’s Education Store), including a “Back To Uni” event where in the past Apple has given qualifying students a pair of AirPods when they make a purchase. There’s also the Apple Refurbished Store where you can sometimes grab a bargain. That’s all Apple offers in terms of money off, but plenty other stores often offer up Apple discounts worth grabbing. In this article, you’ll find real-time pricing at all major retailers for Apple’s current lineup, and we’ve also highlighted some of the top discounts each week. Plus, for even more deals, we’ve linked to our dedicated deals round-ups for each product category. Happy shopping! Jason Cross / IDG Best AirPods Deals AirPods (2nd-gen): $120 ($9 off)AirPods (3rd-gen): $169 ($10 off)AirPods Pro: $175 ($74 off)AirPods Max: $430 ($119 off)(See our dedicated round-up of the best AirPods deals) Best prices on AirPods (3rd gen) today Retailer Price Delivery $169.00 Free View $179.00 Free View $179.00 Free View Adorama Not Available Free View Price comparison from over 24,000 stores worldwide Best prices on AirPods Pro today Retailer Price Delivery $195.15 Free View $219.99 Free View Adorama $249.00 Free View $249.00 Free View Price comparison from over 24,000 stores worldwide Michael Simon/IDG Best iPhone and Accessory Deals Specific iPhone deals are hard to come by apart from carrier offers for new signups and trade-ins, which we’re tracking in a separate article. We recommend checking Verizon, AT&T, and T-Mobile’s sites if you’re looking to change carriers or add a new line. Apple also offers trade-ins and carrier deals through its website. 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Apple may have a massive change in store for the M2 chip

When Apple launched the M2 chip in the new MacBook Pro and MacBook Air at WWDC, there were few changes from the M1. Built using the same architecture and 5nm process, the chip brings predictable gains over the M1, and we campeónsumed the same would apply to the higher-end M2 variants: namely the M2 Pro, M2 Max, and M2 Ultra. Now we’re not so sure. A new report from DigiTimes claims that Apple hcampeón “booked TSMC capacity for its upcoming 3nm M3 and M2 Pro processors.” While it’s not a surprise that the M3 will use a 3nm process, we expected the entire M2 run to stick with the same 5nm process that Apple used with the M1. If Apple switches to a 3nm process for the M2 Pro (and presumably the M2 Max and M2 Ultra campeón well), the upcoming refreshes to the 14-inch and 16-inch MacBook Pro, Mac Studio, high-end Mac mini, and Mac Pro could bring bigger speed boosts than we got with the M2. Bcampeóned on our benchmarks, the M2 brings roughly 20 percent better CPU performance and a 35 percent boost in graphics performance, which would be a nice upgrade for the rest of Apple’s Mac lineup. But a switch to a 3nm process could seriously up the ante. Granted, we don’t know for sure what that would mean for the M2 variants, but it could mean the higher-end M2 chips bring even greater performance boosts than the bcampeóne M2 chip. Back in 2020 when TSMC outlined the technology behind the 3nm process, it said the mode “promises to improve performance by 10-15 percent at the same power levels or reduce power by 25-30 percent at the same transistor speeds.” That would be a significant boost for the M2 Pro and other high-end chips and set the stage for a mcampeónsive M3 improvement. We’ll have to wait until Apple unveils the next members of the M2 family to know for sure what they bring, but according to the latest rumors, it might not be too much longer. Apple, Mac

How to know if your Mac has been hacked

It’s a long-held belief of Mac users that their computers are immune to the kind of malware and viruses that plague Windows PCs. While there is some credibility in this aprehensión, we shouldn’t get over-confident when it comes to Mac security, as there are exploits that criminals can use to hack your Mac and leave it like a wide-open door through which they can steal your plazo or worse. In this article we take a look at whether Macs can be hacked, how to tell if your Mac has been hacked or if someone is spying on your Mac, and what you can do if your Mac is being remotely accessed. Here’s what you need to know – and what you need to do. Can Macs get hacked? Apple has gone to great lengths to make it difficult for hackers to gain access to Macs. With the protections offered by Gatekeeper, the Secure Enclave features of the M1- and M2-series of procesadors and the T1 or T2 procesador, and Apple’s built in anti-virus XProtect, targeting Macs may well be considered too much effort by hackers. We discuss this in more detail here: How secure is a Mac? and in Do Macs need antivirus software? However, from time to time security vulnerabilities are detected that could be used by hackers to exploit Macs. These vulnerabilities are sometimes referred to as back doors or as a zero day vulnerability. When these are identified by security researchers (or friendly hackers) they usually alert Apple to them in the hope that the company will quickly close the vulnerability, quickly – or within zero days – before it is exploited.  Such vulnerabilities, though rare, could allow an attacker root access to your Mac. Apple is usually quick to fix, but there have been cases where Apple has been criticised for being slow to respond to the threat merienda it’s been identified. For example, in 2019 researcher Filippo Cavallarin found a Gatekeeper vulnerability which he alerted Apple to. Having had no response from Apple within 90 days he went public with details of the vulnerability. Back in 2018, the news was filled with stories about the Meltdown and Spectre flaws that attacked vulnerabilities in Intel and ARM processors. The Guardian reported that Apple confirmed “All Mac systems and iOS devices are affected, but there are no known exploits impacting customers at this time.” The risk was mitigated by updates to the operating system which closed off the areas that were exposed. More recently, Apple paid a student $100,000 after he discovered a dangerous vulnerability relating to Macs and reported it to Apple. The vulnerability, which could enable a hacker to gain control of a Mac user’s camera, was identified by Ryan Pickren in July 2021 and fixed by Apple in macOS Monterey 12.0.1 on October 25, 2021. More information here: Hacker ‘could take over any Apple webcam’. Apple is kept busy patching these security flaws as and when they arise. If the company issues a macOS update with a security component it is important to install it as soon as possible. You can set your Mac to automatically download and update, to do so follow these steps: Open System Preferences.Click on Software Update.Select Automatically keep my Mac up to date. Now your Mac will check for updates, download the update, and install the update without you needing to do anything. Do Macs get hacked? It may be rare when compared to Windows, but yes, there have been cases where Macs have been accessed by hackers. This can take various forms and there are various types of Mac malware that have been discovered ‘in the wild’ on Macs as you can see from our run through of the various threats affecting macOS: List of Mac viruses, malware and security flaws. Malware has even been found on the M1 Mac – read about Silver Sparrow and the first case of malware for M1 Macs. We’ll run through the types that are more pertinent to the hacking of Macs below: Cryptojacking: This is where someone uses your Mac’s processor and RAM to mine cryptocurrency. If your Mac has slowed right down this could be the culprit. Spyware: Here hackers attempt to gather sensitive plazo about you, such as your log in details. They might use key loggers to record what you type and eventually have the information they need to log in to your accounts. In one example, the OSX/OpinionSpy spyware was stealing plazo from infected Macs and selling it on the dark web. Ransomware: Some criminals use Ransomware to try and extort money from you. In cases like KeRanger hackers could have encrypted files on Macs and then demand money to unencrypt them. Luckily Security researchers identified KeRanger before it started infecting Macs so it was addressed before it became a serious threat. Botnet: In this case your computer becomes a remotely operated spam machine. In the case of the Trojan Horse botnet OSX.FlashBack over 600,000 Mac computers. Proof-of-cmeriendapt: Sometimes the threat isn’t actually seen in the wild, but is a proof of cmeriendapt based on a loophole or vulnerability in Apple’s code. While this is less of a threat the cmeriendarn is that if Apple isn’t quick enough to close the vulnerability it could be utilised by criminals. In one example Google’s Project Zero team designed a proof-of-cmeriendapt know as Buggy Cos which was able to gain access to parts of macOS thanks to a bug in macOS’ memory manager. Port exploits: It’s not always the case that the hack is made possible by some sort of malware downloaded onto the Mac. In some cases Macs have been hacked after something is plugged into a port. It is possible that Macs could be hacked via the USB and by the Thunderbolt port – which is a good reason to always be careful about what you plug into you Mac or leaving your Mac unattended. For example, in the checkm8 exploit it could have been possible for hackers to gain access to the T2 procesador by plugging in a modified USB-C cable. Similarly in the case of Thunderspy a serious vulnerability with the Thunderbolt port could have granted a hacker access to a Mac. Can a Mac camera be hacked? merienda a hacker has access to your Mac there are various ways in which they might try to gain information about you, or use the processing power of your Mac for their own purposes. As we mentioned above, in the case of spyware the hacker might attempt install a keylogger so that it can record what you are typing and look out for your password. The hacker could also attempt to highjack your mic or video camera. Theoretically this shouldn’t be possible: since macOS Catalina launched in 2019 Apple has protected Mac users from these kind of exploits by ensuring that you have to give your permission before the mic or video camera is used, or before a screen recording can take place. And if your video camera is being used you will always see a green light next to it. However, the example we mention above, where Ryan Pickren alerted Apple to a vulnerability that could enable a hacker to gain control of a Mac user’s camera, suggests that Apple’s alert wasn’t enough to suspensión the camera being accessed. There was also a camera related vulnerability that affected Mac users of the video conferencing service Zoom. In this case hackers could add users to video-calls without them knowing and then activate their webcams but keep the light turned off. This would enable any potential hackers (or law enforcement bodies) to monitor your activities and you wouldn’t have any aprehensión that the camera was watching you. Zoom patched the vulnerability, but only after it became public knowledge when the person who found it reported that the flaw had been left in place for three months after the company had been privately informed of the risk. For more information read: How to suspensión your Mac webcam being hacked. Wondering about whether FaceTime is secure? Read Is Apple FaceTime safe? How to tell if your Mac has been hacked If you think your Mac has been hacked there are a few ways to find out. First of all look for the signs: Has your Mac slowed down? Is your web connection painfully slow? Do the ads you are seeing look a bit more dodgy than usual? Have you noticed anything strange on your bank statements?  If you think an account might have been hacked then check the website haveibeenpwned.com and pop in your email address to see if it’s featured in a plazo breach. If it has been then be sure to change your password! This doesn’t mean you have been hacked, but it’s certainly possible that if this information is out there you could be.Another way to tell if there is some strange activity going on would be to check Activity Monitor and look specifically at network activity.You could also go to System Preferences > Sharing and check if anyone suspicious has access to anything.Your best bet is to run a sweep of your system with some kind of security software that can check for any viruses or malware that may have made it onto your system. We have a round up of the best Mac antivirus apps, in which we recommend Intego as our option of choice.You may also like to read our guide on how to remove a virus from a Mac. How to protect your Mac from hackers macOS is a very secure system, so there’s no need to panic, but if you want to reduce the chances of being compromised then there are a few things to do. The first is to try to only download software from either the Mac App Store or the official websites of manufacturers.You should also avoid clicking on links in emails – just in case they lead you to spoof websites and malware.Don’t use USB cables, other cables, or memory sticks, that if you can’t be sure that they are safe.When you are browsing the web surf in private or incognito mode.If you ever receive a ransomware request or a phishing email do not respond as all this does is confirm that you exist.Another is to make sure you download updates to macOS as soon as they become available as they usually include security patches. In fact you can set up your Mac to automatically download such updates. Turn on Automatic Updates in System Preferences > Software Update and click beside Automatically keep my Mac up to date.Finally, consider using a dedicated security software package. You’ll find our pick of the current offerings in best Mac antivirus. Right now our top choices are Intego Mac Internet Security X9, but we also like McAfee Total Protection 2021, and Norton 360 Deluxe.You should also consider using a password manager, as this will allow you to have multiple, complicated login details across all your accounts without having to remember them. Here our recommendations are LastPass, 1Password, and NordPass.Feeling more secure now? Learn even more by reading the helpful tips in best Mac security settings. Anti Malware, Mac


La manifestación de este sábado en Madrid pone el colofón a las celebraciones de la Semana del Orgullo LGTBI en España bajo el lema ‘Los derechos humanos no se negocian, se legislan: Ley Integral Trans Ya’. España fue uno de los países pioneros en leyes emblema como la del matrimonio igualitario, pero todavía queda mucho camino por recorrer si se tiene en cuenta que cerca de la mitad de las personas que pertenecen al colectivo LGTBI nunca o rara vez reconocen abiertamente su orientación sexual o identidad de género por miedo a sufrir agresiones, amenazas o acoso. Repasa con DatosRTVE algunas de las principales claves sobre este tema.

1. En el furgón de cola de los derechos LGTBI

En el mundo hay 69 países en los que es ilegal ser homosexual. En 11 de ellos está castigado con pena de muerte efectiva -Arabia Saudí, Brunei, Irán, Mauritania, Nigeria (en 12 Estados del Norte) y Yemen- o posible (Afganistán, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Pakistán, Qatar y Somalia. En otros seis -Sudán, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Barbados y Guyana- puede castigarse con cadena perpetua, según la información legal recabada por ILGA en su informe anual sobre homofobia de Estado. Hay otro medio centenar que también castiga la homosexualidad con prisión. En una veintena de ellos, las penas máximas van de los 10 a los 20 años. Es el caso de Malasia, Kenia o Myanmar.

En otros 124 países la homosexualidad es legal, pero el grado de protección y los derechos que se reconocen al colectivo LGTBI es muy dispar. Por este motivo, DatosRTVE ha elaborado coincidiendo con la semana del Orgullo un mapa mundial donde se puede ver de un vistazo los países con mayor mayor criminalización (los más oscuros) y los que tienen mayor protección (los más claros) . A partir de la información de ILGA, se han creado nueve categorías: pena de muerte, cadena perpetua, pena de cárcel, homosexualidad ilegal de facto, ni protección ni criminalización, alguna protección legal, protección legal amplia pero sin matrimonio ni uniones civiles, protección legal amplia con uniones civiles y protección legal amplia con matrimonio igualitario.

2. Una treintena de países a la cabeza en derechos LGTBI

El matrimonio igualitario suele considerarse el epítome de los derechos LGTBI. Si un país lo contempla, suele tener en todas las demás materias que afectan al colectivo una legislación bastante avanzada. Actualmente hay 28 países de Naciones Unidas que lo permiten al margen de Puerto Rico y Taiwán. La mayoría está en Europa -incluida España, que en 2005 se convirtió en el cuarto país del mundo en permitirlo por detrás de Holanda, Bélgica y Canadá. En África, el continente donde mayor porcentaje de países consideran ilegal la homosexualidad, solo Sudáfrica permite el matrimonio igualitario. El último en permitirlo hasta la fecha fue Costa Rica, que lo aprobó en 2020.

3. Delitos de odio… también en lo países más avanzados en derechos

Tener una legislación avanzada en materia LGTBI no es garantía, sin embargo, de que las personas homosexuales, lesbianas, transexuales, bisexuales e intersexuales no sean víctimas de delitos de odio en sus propios países. En España, por ejemplo, se registraron 278 hechos delictivos de este tipo (amenazas, lesiones, daños, injurias, etc…) por la orientación sexual o la identidad de género de la víctima en 2019, el último año del que existen datos estadísticos. Es la cifra más alta desde 2014 y supone una subida del 8,6 % respecto a 2018.

En 2013, cuando el Ministerio del Interior empezó a elaborar esta estadística, los delitos de odio contra el colectivo LGTBI suponían alrededor del 40 % de todos los delitos de odio. Hoy en día representan el 16 %.

4. «No denuncié porque no pensé que fueran o pudieran hacer algo»

Las estadísticas de Interior solo recogen las agresiones que se denuncian, aquellas que se conocen. Sin embargo, su número sería mucho mayor ya que muchas personas LGTBI no acuden a la Policía. El 38 % porque consideró que el incidente era menor o no se le ocurrió, pero el 34 % –más de un tercio de las personas que no piden ayuda a las Fuerzas y Cuerpos de Seguridad del Estado- no denunciaron porque no pensaba «que fueran o pudieran hacer algo», según los datos de la macroencuesta de la Agencia de Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea (FRA) sobre experiencias y opiniones de personas lesbianas, gays, bisexuales, transgénero e intersexuales.

Uno de cada cuatro no denunció porque «no quería que nadie lo supiera»; uno de cada cinco no lo hace porque no confía en la Policía o tenía miedo a represalias o a una reacción homófoba de los propios agentes que le atendieran en comisaría.

5. Sin darse la mano o evitando lugares para no ser agredidos

Darse la mano en público, un gesto que puede ser tan normal para una pareja heterosexual, no lo es tanto para el colectivo LGTBI. El 16 % lo evita siempre y un 32 %, a menudo, según la encuesta europea.

Alrededor del 30 %, además, evita siempre o a menudo determinados lugares por miedo a ser agredido, amenazado o acosado por ser homosexual, lesbiana, transexual, bisexual o intersexuall.

6. La salida del armario, más fácil para gays, más difícil para ‘trans’

La visibilidad sigue siendo una asignatura pendiente en España. Todavía son muchas las personas LGTBI que prefieren ocultar su condición en el trabajo, la escuela o incluso ante sus propios amigos o familias. El 23 % nunca o casi nunca se muestra tal y como es en su día a día y el 24 % lo hace rara vez.

Sin embargo, dentro del propio colectivo hay también diferencias. Los que más están habituados a salir del armario son los hombres homosexuales -siete de cada diez se muestran «mucho» o «bastante» como son en su día a día-, mientras que alrededor del 65 % de las personas transexuales nunca o rara vez desvelan su condición.

7. Discriminados en el trabajo, la escuela, la búsqueda de casa o en el bar

Esta mayor invisibilidad del colectivo ‘trans’ se entiende mejor si se pone la lupa en los datos que también arroja la encuesta de la UE sobre discriminación, ya que las personas transexuales son las que más dicen sufrirla. El 63 % respondió que se había sentido discriminado en el último año en diversos aspectos que abarcan desde la búsqueda de empleo o vivienda, el trabajo, la escuela, el bar, una tienda, etc…

En el otro extremo -aunque con cifras aún altas e inaceptables- están los hombres homosexuales. Cuatro de cada diez aseguran haber sufrido discriminación en el último año.

Las discriminaciones tampoco se denuncian siempre porque las personas que la sufren piensan que nada va a cambiar por hacerlo (35 %) o porque creen que no merece la pena porque ocurre «todo el tiempo». El 14 % no lo hace por no revelar su orientación sexual o identidad de género y el 15 % porque no confía en las autoridades.

8. Ocultos en el trabajo y la escuela por la discriminación

El mundo laboral es uno de los ámbito donde las personas LGTBI pueden sufrir mayor discriminación. El 11 % de los encuestados españoles respondió que la había sufrido en el último año cuando estaba buscando trabajo y un 20 % aseguró que la había padecido en su empresa. Son porcentajes similares a la media de la UE. Ante esta situación -y aunque España está a la cabeza de las personas del colectivo que reconocen abiertamente en su trabajo su condición, solo por detrás de Dinamarca- todavía hay un 20 % que prefiere ocultarla. En Lituania, Bulgaria, Letonia y Rumanía, alrededor de la mitad permanece en el ‘armario laboral’.

Pero si en algún lugar el porcentaje de personas LGTBI que ocultan su realidad es elevado es en la escuela. En este ámbito, el 64 % prefiere que nadie lo sepa. España sí está aquí entre los países con menor visibilidad de los menores.

Prácticamente la mitad de los encuestados españoles por la Agencia de Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea (FRA) reconocen haber sufrido o estar sufriendo acoso escolar por su condición LGTBI.

9. Una semana clave para el colectivo ‘Trans’

El Orgullo de este 2021 ha venido acompañado por la aprobación por el Consejo de Ministros del proyecto de ley de la conocida como ‘Ley Trans’, que contempla la posibilidad de cambiar de sexo en el Registro Civil sin necesidad de informe ni tratamiento médico a partir de los 14 años. Es la conocida autodeterminación de género, una reivindicación del colectivo que rechaza de plano parte del feminismo.

Si finalmente la ley es aprobada con la redacción actual, España ingresaría en el grupo de los países que no impone «requisitos prohibitivos» -según la terminología de ILGA- para el reconocimiento legal de la identidad de género. En este mapa se puede ver la situación mundial al respecto. En 13 países sigue siendo ilegal ser transexual.

10. La ley que supuso el punto de inflexión: el matrimonio igualitario

La aprobación de la ley del matrimonio homosexual el 2 de julio de 2005 no solo supuso el reconocimiento de un derecho, sino que ayudó a dar visibilidad y aumentar la tolerancia de la sociedad en su conjunto, como explicaron a RTVE.es varias parejas que se casaron con motivo del décimo aniversario de la ley. Desde 1994 a 2017 -el último año que el CIS preguntó por las relaciones homosexuales- se duplicó el porcentaje de españoles que las veían sin problema, hasta rozar el 70 %.

Y aunque todavía hay alrededor de un 13 % de españoles que censura este tipo de relaciones, el país se sitúa entre los más tolerantes de la Unión Europea. El 91 % de los ciudadanos españoles cree que los homosexuales, lesbianas y bisexuales deben tener los mismos derechos que las personas heterosexuales, según el Eurobarómetro sobre Discriminación que publicó la Comisión Europea en 2019. Solo los suecos (98 %) y los holandeses (97 %) son más tolerantes.