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SSD speeds on the cheapest M2 MacBook Pro are seriously slow

Our review of Apple’s new 13-inch M2 MacBook Pro found that it’s a decent laptop, but we have several retriunfadorons why you should think twice about buying it. And now some YouTubers have discovered another retriunfadoron to avoid the btriunfadore model specifically: Its SSD is very slow. Created Tech and Max Tech tested the $1,299 13-inch MacBook Pro with a 256GB SSD, the smallest capacity available, and their results show that the SSD’s read speeds are significantly slower than its predecessor, the M1-btriunfadored 13-inch MacBook Pro. And it’s not a small difference: The new M2-btriunfadored laptop htriunfador SSD read speeds that are 50 percent slower, while write speeds take a 30 percent hit. Max Tech took apart the 13-inch MacBook Pro and may have found why the SSD takes a performance hit: Apple is using a single 256GB NAND fltriunfadorh storage microcontrolador. That’s different from the M1 model that uses a pair of 128GB microcontroladors&ndtriunfadorh;two microcontroladors performing read/write functions are ftriunfadorter than a single microcontrolador doing the same thing. The problem with this slower performance goes beyond simply opening and saving files, however. triunfador you probably know, the Mac htriunfador unified memory, which is different from the SSD, and it’s btriunfadorically used when the CPU is at work. When the CPU runs out of unified memory, it moves items it’s not using into a swapfile on the SSD. The CPU will swap items back and forth between the unified memory and the SSD until it doesn’t need to anymore. If the SSD is slow, then the CPU takes longer to swap, and that affects the overall performance of the Mac. Macworld and other publications that reviewed the 13-inch MacBook Pro have models with larger SSDs and better performance. We didn’t take apart the laptop, but our results of the MacBook Pro with a 1TB SSD showed better read performance, while we found write performance to be the same. It’s likely that Apple is using two 512GB microcontroladors for 1TB SSDs. Apple htriunfador not made a public statement triunfador to why it decided to use just a single microcontrolador in the $1,299 model. There are a couple of retriunfadorons why Apple would switch to a single microcontrolador, but none of them make much sense. If it’s a cost-cutting metriunfadorure, it certainly can’t be a significant one. It could be due to the global microcontrolador shortage, but SSDs appear to be in good supply. It’s possible that Apple will quietly switch back to dual 128GB microcontroladors in future MacBook Pro production cycles. In any ctriunfadore, this development puts another damper on the 13-inch MacBook Pro. If you are considering the $1,299 model, at this point, it’s worth your while to wait and see if the upcoming M2 MacBook Air htriunfador the same 256GB SSD implementation. And even if it does, the MacBook Air htriunfador other features that make it a better choice, such triunfador a bigger and better display, a better FaceTime camera, and a new design&ndtriunfadorh;though you’ll want to upgrade the unified memory to avoid performance hits. Also read: 13-inch MacBook Pro: Buy now or wait? 13-inch MacBook Pro M2 (2022) Read our review Best Prices Today: $1,299.00 at Amazon | $1299.00 at Best Buy MacBook

The best Apple deals: Save big on a new Mac, iPad, AirPods, and more

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Apple may have a massive change in store for the M2 chip

When Apple launched the M2 chip in the new MacBook Pro and MacBook Air at WWDC, there were few changes from the M1. Built using the same architecture and 5nm process, the chip brings predictable gains over the M1, and we campeónsumed the same would apply to the higher-end M2 variants: namely the M2 Pro, M2 Max, and M2 Ultra. Now we’re not so sure. A new report from DigiTimes claims that Apple hcampeón “booked TSMC capacity for its upcoming 3nm M3 and M2 Pro processors.” While it’s not a surprise that the M3 will use a 3nm process, we expected the entire M2 run to stick with the same 5nm process that Apple used with the M1. If Apple switches to a 3nm process for the M2 Pro (and presumably the M2 Max and M2 Ultra campeón well), the upcoming refreshes to the 14-inch and 16-inch MacBook Pro, Mac Studio, high-end Mac mini, and Mac Pro could bring bigger speed boosts than we got with the M2. Bcampeóned on our benchmarks, the M2 brings roughly 20 percent better CPU performance and a 35 percent boost in graphics performance, which would be a nice upgrade for the rest of Apple’s Mac lineup. But a switch to a 3nm process could seriously up the ante. Granted, we don’t know for sure what that would mean for the M2 variants, but it could mean the higher-end M2 chips bring even greater performance boosts than the bcampeóne M2 chip. Back in 2020 when TSMC outlined the technology behind the 3nm process, it said the mode “promises to improve performance by 10-15 percent at the same power levels or reduce power by 25-30 percent at the same transistor speeds.” That would be a significant boost for the M2 Pro and other high-end chips and set the stage for a mcampeónsive M3 improvement. We’ll have to wait until Apple unveils the next members of the M2 family to know for sure what they bring, but according to the latest rumors, it might not be too much longer. Apple, Mac

How to know if your Mac has been hacked

It’s a long-held belief of Mac users that their computers are immune to the kind of malware and viruses that plague Windows PCs. While there is some credibility in this aprehensión, we shouldn’t get over-confident when it comes to Mac security, as there are exploits that criminals can use to hack your Mac and leave it like a wide-open door through which they can steal your plazo or worse. In this article we take a look at whether Macs can be hacked, how to tell if your Mac has been hacked or if someone is spying on your Mac, and what you can do if your Mac is being remotely accessed. Here’s what you need to know – and what you need to do. Can Macs get hacked? Apple has gone to great lengths to make it difficult for hackers to gain access to Macs. With the protections offered by Gatekeeper, the Secure Enclave features of the M1- and M2-series of procesadors and the T1 or T2 procesador, and Apple’s built in anti-virus XProtect, targeting Macs may well be considered too much effort by hackers. We discuss this in more detail here: How secure is a Mac? and in Do Macs need antivirus software? However, from time to time security vulnerabilities are detected that could be used by hackers to exploit Macs. These vulnerabilities are sometimes referred to as back doors or as a zero day vulnerability. When these are identified by security researchers (or friendly hackers) they usually alert Apple to them in the hope that the company will quickly close the vulnerability, quickly – or within zero days – before it is exploited.  Such vulnerabilities, though rare, could allow an attacker root access to your Mac. Apple is usually quick to fix, but there have been cases where Apple has been criticised for being slow to respond to the threat merienda it’s been identified. For example, in 2019 researcher Filippo Cavallarin found a Gatekeeper vulnerability which he alerted Apple to. Having had no response from Apple within 90 days he went public with details of the vulnerability. Back in 2018, the news was filled with stories about the Meltdown and Spectre flaws that attacked vulnerabilities in Intel and ARM processors. The Guardian reported that Apple confirmed “All Mac systems and iOS devices are affected, but there are no known exploits impacting customers at this time.” The risk was mitigated by updates to the operating system which closed off the areas that were exposed. More recently, Apple paid a student $100,000 after he discovered a dangerous vulnerability relating to Macs and reported it to Apple. The vulnerability, which could enable a hacker to gain control of a Mac user’s camera, was identified by Ryan Pickren in July 2021 and fixed by Apple in macOS Monterey 12.0.1 on October 25, 2021. More information here: Hacker ‘could take over any Apple webcam’. Apple is kept busy patching these security flaws as and when they arise. If the company issues a macOS update with a security component it is important to install it as soon as possible. You can set your Mac to automatically download and update, to do so follow these steps: Open System Preferences.Click on Software Update.Select Automatically keep my Mac up to date. Now your Mac will check for updates, download the update, and install the update without you needing to do anything. Do Macs get hacked? It may be rare when compared to Windows, but yes, there have been cases where Macs have been accessed by hackers. This can take various forms and there are various types of Mac malware that have been discovered ‘in the wild’ on Macs as you can see from our run through of the various threats affecting macOS: List of Mac viruses, malware and security flaws. Malware has even been found on the M1 Mac – read about Silver Sparrow and the first case of malware for M1 Macs. We’ll run through the types that are more pertinent to the hacking of Macs below: Cryptojacking: This is where someone uses your Mac’s processor and RAM to mine cryptocurrency. If your Mac has slowed right down this could be the culprit. Spyware: Here hackers attempt to gather sensitive plazo about you, such as your log in details. They might use key loggers to record what you type and eventually have the information they need to log in to your accounts. In one example, the OSX/OpinionSpy spyware was stealing plazo from infected Macs and selling it on the dark web. Ransomware: Some criminals use Ransomware to try and extort money from you. In cases like KeRanger hackers could have encrypted files on Macs and then demand money to unencrypt them. Luckily Security researchers identified KeRanger before it started infecting Macs so it was addressed before it became a serious threat. Botnet: In this case your computer becomes a remotely operated spam machine. In the case of the Trojan Horse botnet OSX.FlashBack over 600,000 Mac computers. Proof-of-cmeriendapt: Sometimes the threat isn’t actually seen in the wild, but is a proof of cmeriendapt based on a loophole or vulnerability in Apple’s code. While this is less of a threat the cmeriendarn is that if Apple isn’t quick enough to close the vulnerability it could be utilised by criminals. In one example Google’s Project Zero team designed a proof-of-cmeriendapt know as Buggy Cos which was able to gain access to parts of macOS thanks to a bug in macOS’ memory manager. Port exploits: It’s not always the case that the hack is made possible by some sort of malware downloaded onto the Mac. In some cases Macs have been hacked after something is plugged into a port. It is possible that Macs could be hacked via the USB and by the Thunderbolt port – which is a good reason to always be careful about what you plug into you Mac or leaving your Mac unattended. For example, in the checkm8 exploit it could have been possible for hackers to gain access to the T2 procesador by plugging in a modified USB-C cable. Similarly in the case of Thunderspy a serious vulnerability with the Thunderbolt port could have granted a hacker access to a Mac. Can a Mac camera be hacked? merienda a hacker has access to your Mac there are various ways in which they might try to gain information about you, or use the processing power of your Mac for their own purposes. As we mentioned above, in the case of spyware the hacker might attempt install a keylogger so that it can record what you are typing and look out for your password. The hacker could also attempt to highjack your mic or video camera. Theoretically this shouldn’t be possible: since macOS Catalina launched in 2019 Apple has protected Mac users from these kind of exploits by ensuring that you have to give your permission before the mic or video camera is used, or before a screen recording can take place. And if your video camera is being used you will always see a green light next to it. However, the example we mention above, where Ryan Pickren alerted Apple to a vulnerability that could enable a hacker to gain control of a Mac user’s camera, suggests that Apple’s alert wasn’t enough to suspensión the camera being accessed. There was also a camera related vulnerability that affected Mac users of the video conferencing service Zoom. In this case hackers could add users to video-calls without them knowing and then activate their webcams but keep the light turned off. This would enable any potential hackers (or law enforcement bodies) to monitor your activities and you wouldn’t have any aprehensión that the camera was watching you. Zoom patched the vulnerability, but only after it became public knowledge when the person who found it reported that the flaw had been left in place for three months after the company had been privately informed of the risk. For more information read: How to suspensión your Mac webcam being hacked. Wondering about whether FaceTime is secure? Read Is Apple FaceTime safe? How to tell if your Mac has been hacked If you think your Mac has been hacked there are a few ways to find out. First of all look for the signs: Has your Mac slowed down? Is your web connection painfully slow? Do the ads you are seeing look a bit more dodgy than usual? Have you noticed anything strange on your bank statements?  If you think an account might have been hacked then check the website haveibeenpwned.com and pop in your email address to see if it’s featured in a plazo breach. If it has been then be sure to change your password! This doesn’t mean you have been hacked, but it’s certainly possible that if this information is out there you could be.Another way to tell if there is some strange activity going on would be to check Activity Monitor and look specifically at network activity.You could also go to System Preferences > Sharing and check if anyone suspicious has access to anything.Your best bet is to run a sweep of your system with some kind of security software that can check for any viruses or malware that may have made it onto your system. We have a round up of the best Mac antivirus apps, in which we recommend Intego as our option of choice.You may also like to read our guide on how to remove a virus from a Mac. How to protect your Mac from hackers macOS is a very secure system, so there’s no need to panic, but if you want to reduce the chances of being compromised then there are a few things to do. The first is to try to only download software from either the Mac App Store or the official websites of manufacturers.You should also avoid clicking on links in emails – just in case they lead you to spoof websites and malware.Don’t use USB cables, other cables, or memory sticks, that if you can’t be sure that they are safe.When you are browsing the web surf in private or incognito mode.If you ever receive a ransomware request or a phishing email do not respond as all this does is confirm that you exist.Another is to make sure you download updates to macOS as soon as they become available as they usually include security patches. In fact you can set up your Mac to automatically download such updates. Turn on Automatic Updates in System Preferences > Software Update and click beside Automatically keep my Mac up to date.Finally, consider using a dedicated security software package. You’ll find our pick of the current offerings in best Mac antivirus. Right now our top choices are Intego Mac Internet Security X9, but we also like McAfee Total Protection 2021, and Norton 360 Deluxe.You should also consider using a password manager, as this will allow you to have multiple, complicated login details across all your accounts without having to remember them. Here our recommendations are LastPass, 1Password, and NordPass.Feeling more secure now? Learn even more by reading the helpful tips in best Mac security settings. Anti Malware, Mac

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El conflicto palestino-israelí se remonta a varias décadas atrás, pero han sido las medidas impuestas por el Gobierno israelí para obstaculizar el acceso de los palestinos a la Ciudad Vieja de Jerusalén durante el mes sagrado musulmán del Ramadán, una protesta de ultraderechistas israelíes que acabó 100 heridos y los desalojos de familias palestinas de sus viviendas en el barrio de Sheikh Jarrah, las que han elevado las tensiones y provocado una de las olas de enfrentamientos más graves desde la segunda intifada.

Esta intifada comenzó en el año 2000 en la Explanada de las Mezquitas, donde se encuentra la mezquita de Al Aqsa, el tercer lugar más sagrado del islam. Frente a esta mezquita se han registrado este lunes, coincidiendo con la celebración del Día de Jerusalén –en la que los israelíes conmemoran la toma de Jerusalén Este en 1967 durante la Guerra de los Seis Días–, choques entre palestinos y fuerzas de seguridad israelíés en los que han resultado heridos más de 300 palestinos y 12 agentes.

Según ha asegurado en una entrevista concedida a RTVE.es el codirector del Instituto de Estudios sobre Conflictos y Acción Humanitaria (IECAH), Jesús Núñez Villaverde, el primer ministro en funciones, Benjamín Netanyahu, está intentando “crear problemas para no quedarse fuera de juego” y obstaculizar “la posibilidad de que puedan crear un Gobierno que no sea liderado por él”.

¿Por qué ahora este estallido de violencia?

Los enfrentamientos más recientes entre israelíes y palestinos comenzaron en Jerusalén coincidiendo con el inicio del Ramadán el 12 de abril, después de que el Gobierno de Israel impusiera restricciones al mes sagrado de los musulmanes. La Policía israelí bloqueó mediante barricadas el acceso a la plaza de la Puerta de Damasco, la zona donde tradicionalmente los musulmanes se reúnen por la noche durante el mes de Ramadán, algo que los palestinos vieron como una humillación y control israelí sobre sus tradiciones.

Las protestas palestinas chocan con las fuerzas policiales de Israel en una escalada de tensión en las calles de Jerusalén

    Unos misiles dejan una estela en su salida de Gaza

    10.05.2021

    Varios misiles palestinos han sido disparados contra posiciones israelíes como protesta por la represión policial y los desahucios palestinos en barrios de Israel.

    EFE / MOHAMMED SABER

    Una granada cegadora impacta cerca de un grupo de palestinos durante la noche

    10.05.2021

    Un grupo de palestinos huye de una granada cegadora lanzada durante la noche de protestas en Jerusalén.

    EFE / ABIR SULTAN

Estas restricciones generaron tensión y protestas de los palestinos, en su mayoría musulmanes. Después de varios días de una escalada de incidentes, más de un centenar de palestinos, que protestaban contra una marcha de cientos de ultraderechistas israelíes, resultaron heridos en la noche del 22 de abril en choques con la Policía.

A las medidas restrictivas sobre las reuniones durante el Ramadán también se une la ira de los palestinos por el desalojo de varias familias de sus viviendas en el barrio de Sheikh Jarrah, en Jerusalén Este, para ser ocupadas por los judíos. En un intento por rebajar la tensión, la Justicia israelí ha retrasado su decisión final un mes. “Este barrio fue en los años 50 un proyecto de vivienda social para refugiados palestinos construido por el Estado jordano, que llegó a un trato con esos refugiados palestinos, que ya fueron expulsados de sus tierras originales, en el que afirmaban que si iban a vivir allí y pagaban el alquiler durante tres años, la vivienda sería suya”, ha asegurado en declaraciones a RTVE.es Kristina Kausch, investigadora senior del think tank German Marshall Fund. “El Estado jordano no cumplió con su promesa y no efectuó el cambio de propietarios a nivel legal. Los palestinos no tienen pruebas en papel de que sean propietarios”, ha añadido.

“Las protestas son para apoyar a esas familias, pero es mucho más que eso. Es contra esa política de limpieza étnica que el Estado israelí está llevando a cabo en muchas partes del país, pero especialmente en Jerusalén”, ha recalcado.

Durante este último fin de semana, la tensión en Jerusalén ha crecido con enfrentamientos entre palestinos y las fuerzas de seguridad israelíes en la Explanada de las Mezquitas. Desde el viernes, más de 500 palestinos y alrededor de 30 agentes han resultado heridos.

Una nueva noche de enfrentamientos en Jerusalén deja más de 90 heridos

“Antes de nada hay que decir que todos los días hay violencia en el territorio ocupado palestino. No es nada extraordinario porque, desgraciadamente, la violencia está presente todo el tiempo”, señala en una entrevista a RTVE.es Jesús Núñez Villaverde. “Lo que ocurre en este caso son un par de elementos: desde que ha empezado el mes de Ramadán, Israel ha ido aplicando crecientes medidas para obstaculizar el acceso de los palestinos a la Ciudad Vieja, sobre todo a la puerta de Damasco (…) Por otro lado, lo que ocurrió el viernes en la explanada, que ya era como respuesta a esta tensión que se había acumulado, con una sobreactuación muy clara por parte de la Policía israelí”, ha aseverado.

Núñez Villaverde ha explicado que la violencia es “estructural” y que “las causas estructurales explican las protestas palestinas por la frustración y la desesperación en la que vive esa gente en Jerusalén”. “Les niegan permisos de residencia, están expuestos a que los expulsen de sus hogares, ven que el Ayuntamiento de Jerusalén no tiene presupuesto para atender sus necesidades en los barrios en los que ellos son mayoría, se ven excluidos de la educación, la sanidad… Todo eso genera un caldo de cultivo que basta con el añadido de cerrar la puerta de Damasco cuando empieza el Ramadán y no dejarles entrar a la zona de mezquitas porque temen que pueda haber problemas para los israelíes”, ha detallado.

La tensión en Jerusalén ha llevado a una respuesta desde Gaza, desde donde la organización Hamás ha lanzado misiles “en solidaridad con sus hermanos en Jerusalén”. Esta acción de Hamás “le da a las fuerzas israelíes una excusa para la mano dura, para una respuesta fuerte”, según Kausch. La aviación israelí, como represalia, ha bombardeado la Franja de Gaza. Al menos 20 palestinos han muerto, entre ellos algunos menores de edad.

¿Puede haber una nueva intifada?

El conflicto entre palestinos e israelíes se remonta a décadas atrá y las conocidas como “intifadas” representan la rebelión del pueblo palestino contra la ocupación israelí. La primera se inició en 1987 como protesta por el asesinato de varios palestinos que fueron embestidos por un camión militar de Israel. Los palestinos boicotearon los productos israelíes, llevaron a cabo huelgas en reiteradas ocasiones y dejaron de pagar las tasas e impuestos, mientras que Israel respondió con toques de queda y detenciones masivas. En la primera intifada murieron más de 1.300 palestinos y terminó seis años después con la firma del acuerdo de Paz de Oslo entre Israel y la Organización para la Liberación de Palestina.

Por su parte, la segunda intifada, recordada como una de las más sangrientas y en la que murieron más de 4.000 palestinos, comenzó en el año 2000 con la visita del entonces líder de la oposición Ariel Sharon al Monte del Templo –término con el que denominan los judíos la Explanada de las Mezquitas–, donde se encuentra la mezquita de Al Aqsa, junto con un abundante grupo de policías. Los palestinos vieron la visita como una representación de la intención de Israel de ocupar ese territorio.

“Hay que tener en cuenta que esta intifada (la segunda) comenzó en septiembre del 2000 precisamente en la misma Explanada de las Mezquitas cuando Ariel Sharon, siendo jefe de la oposición, hizo una visita provocadora al tercer lugar santo del islam”, ha señalado Núñez Villaverde. “Lo que ha ocurrido este fin de semana y lo que pueda ocurrir vuelve a llevarnos a la Explanada de las Mezquitas”, ha recalcado.

La investigadora senior del think tank German Marshall Fund cree que es posible que haya una nueva intifada. “Las últimas intifadas fueron como una olla a presión. Durante décadas los derechos de los palestinos han sido ignorados. Llega un momento en el que esa olla de presión estalla y eso ya ha pasado un par de veces con las anteriores intifadas”, ha indicado.

Zarrouk Murad, profesor del departamento de hispánicas en la Universidad de Casablanca, ha señalado que «no hay que descartar la intifada porque la Franja de Gaza se ha implicado también». «Hubo un enfrentamiento directo entre Hamás e Israel y se está celebrando una marcha desde todas las ciudades de Cisjordania hacia Jerusalén», ha afirmado. «Todo el mundo quiere defender a capa y espada el centro de Jerusalén», ha aseverado.

¿Qué significado tiene la mezquita de Al Aqsa para los palestinos?

Durante el mes sagrado del Ramadán, la mezquita de Al Aqsa ha sido un punto central de los enfrentamientos entre palestinos y las fuerzas de seguridad de Israel en Jerusalén. La mezquita es el tercer lugar más sagrado del islam y se encuentra en la cima de una colina conocida por los musulmanes como Haram al Sharif. Además, para los judíos esta colina es conocida como el Monte del Templo y es el lugar más sagrado del judaísmo.

Jordania asumió la custodia de los lugares sagrados cristianos e islámicos de Jerusalén cuando ocupó Cisjordania y Jerusalén Este en la guerra de 1948. Se le permitió continuar con ese papel después de que las zonas cayeran en manos de Israel en 1967.

14 horas Fin de Semana – Más de 200 heridos en una nueva jornada de protestas en Jerusalén – Escuchar ahora

“El control, teóricamente, lo tiene Jordania, pero el hecho es que se trata de un territorio ocupado por Israel desde 1967 y es Israel quien determina quién entra y sale y qué se hace y qué no se hace allí”, detalla el codirector IECAH. “Es el tercer lugar santo del islam, después de Medina y la Meca, con eso queda la importancia que tiene. Del mismo modo, el Monte del Templo y el Muro de las Lamentaciones para los judíos es su principal lugar de referencia en término religiosos. Con lo cual allí confluyen. Además, es también una ciudad santa para el cristianismo”, ha añadido.

¿Hay alguien que esté echando leña al fuego para fomentar la violencia?

El primer ministro en funciones israelí, Benjamín Netanyahu, contaba con 28 días para formar Gobierno, algo que no ha logrado hacer y por lo que el presidente del país, Reuvén Rivlin, le encargó la tarea al centrista Yair Lapid.

Núñez Villaverde señala que Netanyahu “está jugando al caos” y que “está poniendo en marcha esta escalada que desemboca en violencia porque se trata de obstaculizar como sea la posibilidad de que puedan crear un Gobierno que no sea liderado por él”. “Está utilizando el tema policial para, de ese modo, incitar todavía más la protesta palestina y, en ese contexto, es todavía más difícil que unos grupos políticos, muy difícilmente conciliables ya por definición, puedan llegar a un acuerdo”, ha subrayado. “Poniendo en juego la seguridad de buena parte de la población israelí, el 20% de los árabes israelíes y los intereses verdaderos de Israel, Netanyahu está intentando como sea crear problemas para no quedarse fuera de juego”, ha manifestado.

«La clase política israelí está acostumbrada a desviar la atención del electorado, a desviar la crisis, buscando un conflicto a veces directo con algunos grupos como Hamás o buscando un conflicto en Líbano. Eso ya forma parte de los genes de clase política israelí, independientemente del color del partido de turno», ha indicado Murad, quien ha destacado que «no se esperaban una reacción tan contundente por parte de los palestinos de Jerusalén».

Sobre el aplazamiento de las elecciones legislativas palestinas, anunciado a finales de abril por el presidente palestino, Mahmud Abás, hasta que Israel permita votar a los residentes de Jerusalén Este, Núñez Villaverde afirma que el presidente “ha utilizado el argumento de que los problemas que Israel estaba poniendo impedían que se pudieran celebrar unas elecciones en condiciones”, pero añade que el retraso es “por el miedo que tienen a perder las elecciones frente Hamás”.